Xanthan Gum

About Xanthan Gum

Xanthan gum is a natural thickening agent which gives products their thicker texture; making it easier to manage and apply to your skin.

It is made by placing the bacteria Xanthomonas camprestris into a culture containing carbohydrates, fermentation takes place and xanthan gum is produced as a by-product. Once formed, the xanthan gum is isolated, dried and processed into a fine powder, which can then be used as part of a cosmetic formulation. Approved by the FDA and Health Canada, xanthan gum is a commonly used, natural thickener in food and cosmetics.

In addition to thickening, xanthan gum also has binding, emulsion stabilizing and emulsifying properties, and can be used to stabilize cosmetic emulsions so that water and oil-soluble ingredients don’t separate from one another and reduce the performance of the product. An effective product, only tiny amounts of xanthan gum, often less than 0.1%, is needed to thicken and stabilize emulsions.


Common Concerns

As it can be formed using corn, soy or wheat, individuals with allergies to one or more of these carbohydrates may experience bloating, diarrhea or other allergic reactions when consuming food made with xanthan gum. However, there is no evidence that these individuals should have any concerns when applying a topical product. Nature’s Aid uses Xanthan Gum made with corn and is therefore gluten free.

Quick Facts

Common Name: Xanthan gum, Corn Sugar Gum, 
Source: The fermentation when bacteria Xanthomonas camprestris is put into a culture containing carbohydrate
EWG Score: 1